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LIST: Major earthquakes that jolted Luzon in recent history

MANILA - The recent 6.1-magnitude Luzon quake that smashed establishments in Pampanga and rocked Metro Manila earlier this week was among the strongest temblors that hit the Philippines' largest island this decade, state seismologists said Wednesday.

Earthquakes that range from magnitudes 6.0 to 6.9 are considered as "strong quakes"; 7.0 to 7.9 are "major quakes"; and 8.0 and above are "great quakes," Phivolcs chief Renato Solidum told ANC.

But seismic activities that result into surface ruptures are also considered as "major" tremors, Phivolcs research specialist Rhommel Grutas told reporters in a separate interview.


Here's a list of major earthquakes that jolted Luzon in recent history:

2019 Zambales quake

The 6.1-magnitude tremor originated 10 kilometers beneath the surface of Castillejos town in Zambales. 

The rumbling which took place around 5 p.m., damaged the belfry of a heritage church and flattened a 4-story supermarket in Porac, Pampanga leaving at least a dozen people dead. The temblor also forced the Clark International Airport to cease operations for more than 24 hours after parts of its ceiling collapsed and injured passengers at the terminal.


Train systems and several government offices in Metro Manila were suspended after the quake rocked the National Capital Region. Hundreds of gallons of water splashed down the edifice of a building in Bonifacio Global City, while the Emilio Aguinaldo College in Manila was left slanted.

1990 Nueva Ecija earthquake

Though the 7.8-magnitude tremor originated in the Digdig Fault in Nueva Ecija, Filipinos more often call it as the "Baguio quake" after it crushed an upscale hotel in Baguio City, burying hundreds of people.

Seismologists dubbed this temblor as the "Killer Quake" after it damaged 25 percent of houses in Metro Manila, leaving at least 3,000 people dead.

Damage to infrastructure was pegged at P10 billion after the tremor produced a 125-kilometer surface rupture that stretches from Dingalan town in Aurora to Kapaya town in Nueva Vizcaya, data from Phivolcs showed. 


The temblor was felt from the Ilocos region in the Northern part of Luzon, to Aklan province in Visayas.

1968 Casiguran earthquake

The 7.6-magnitude quake in Casiguran, Aurora triggered the collapse of the 6-story Ruby Tower in Binondo, Manila leaving some 270 people dead and 261 others injured.

Parts of the Philippine Bar Association Building, the Aloha Theater and the Tuason Building in the National Capital Region also collapsed due to the quake.


Seismologists recorded 500-meter fissures in parts of Aurora province. 



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